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«Updated March 2014 The 4-H Motto “Learn to Do by Doing” The 4-H Pledge I pledge My Head to clearer thinking, My Heart to greater loyalty, My ...»

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4-H SEWING PROJECT

REFERENCE GUIDE

Updated March 2014

The 4-H Motto

“Learn to Do by Doing”

The 4-H Pledge

I pledge

My Head to clearer thinking,

My Heart to greater loyalty,

My Hands to larger service,

My Health to better living,

For my club, my community, and my country

The 4-H Grace

(Tune of Auld Lang Syne)

We thank thee, Lord, for blessings great

on this, our own fair land.

Teach us to serve thee joyfully,

with head, heart, health and hand Acknowledgements: Adapted from the BC 4-H Sewing project and BC Agriculture, and the Nova Scotia 4-H Sewing Project, 1997.

Compiled by: Jade Reeve

Published by:

Canadian 4-H Council Resource Network, Ottawa, ON

Date:

©Copyright 2014 4-H Canada

4-H SEWING PROJECT – REFERENCE GUIDE – TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction

Objectives

How to get the most from the 4-H experience

Equipment required

Sewing Box:

Cutting Supplies:

Pins and Needles:

Sharp Sewing Aids:

Sewing Machine and Serger:

Machine Use:

Pressing Safety:

Lighting:

Electrical Safety:

THE BASICS - Sample Meeting Agenda

1. Tools of the Trade – Introductory (Core)

What we’ll learn in this section

Basic sewing notions

The sewing machine and its parts

Presser feet for the sewing machine

2. Basic Sewing Techniques – Introductory (Core)

Construction Zone

Sewing by Hand: Practice with fabric scraps – simple stitches

Sewing by Machine: Practice on paper - straight lines and circles

Pressing

Tools for pressing

How to press and iron

Make It: – Envelope-style Pillow cover

3. More Tools of the Trade – Intermediate (Core)

Tools of the Trade

What we’ll learn in this section

The Serger

4.Sewing Techniques – Intermediate (Core)

Construction Zone

What we’ll learn in this section

Making Buttonholes

Inserting Zippers

5. Recycling and Upcycling – Intermediate / Advanced (Supplementary)

6. Clothing for people with special needs – Advanced (Supplementary)

7. Linings, Interlinings and Underlinings – Advanced (Core)

8. First steps in patchwork – Advanced (Core)

Introduction to patchwork

9. Tailoring Techniques – Advanced (Supplementary)

Construction Zone

THE NEXT STEPS - Sample Meeting Agenda

1. Patterns – Introductory (Core)

Measuring Up!

Choosing a pattern

Buying Fabric

Preparing the pattern pieces

2. Alter a Pattern – Introductory (Core)

Construction Zone

Basic Pattern Alterations

How to layout the pattern pieces and cut the fabric

Marking pattern pieces

Following Pattern Directions

Make It: Drawstring shorts or pants

3. Fit and Fabric – Intermediate (Core)

How to determine if a garment is the right fit

Simple seam alterations

Altering a pattern

4. Fibres, Fabrics and Finishes – Intermediate (Supplementary)

Fibres

Fabrics

5. Interfacing – Intermediate (Core)

Different Types of seams

Finishing seams

6. Construction Zone – Intermediate (Supplementary)

Make It: Fleece mittens

CLOTHING TLC - Sample Meeting Agenda

1. Clothing Care – Introductory (Supplementary)

General Clothing Care

Laundering Basics

Clothing Storage

2. Buying and Maintaining Your Clothing – Intermediate (Supplementary)

Being a good clothing consumer

How to repair, mend and make minor alterations to your clothing

3. Colour Coordination and Wardrobe Planning – Advanced (Supplementary)

Making colour, texture and design work for you

Texture

Design

Wardrobe Planning

4-H SEWING PROJECT - INTRODUCTION

4-H SEWING PROJECT Introduction People wear clothing for a number of reasons: modesty, survival, fashion and identification. Clothing provides clues as to who we are and what we do and allows us to express our identity. Choosing to sew our own clothes and to sew projects for the home has numerous benefits. Knowing how to sew

allows us to:

Make the clothes and accessories we want  Save money  Learn a new hobby  Have fun  Make things for other people  Feel a sense of accomplishment  Alter, repair and recycle clothing  The topics within the sewing project are divided into three levels: introductory, intermediate, and advanced.

Introductory topics are designed for members with little or no sewing experience and will teach the basics of sewing by hand and by machine. After completing the introductory topics of the sewing project members will have the skills necessary to sew clothing, accessories and items for the home.





The intermediate topics build on the skills learned from the introductory topics and are designed for members who are able to read and follow patterns and are ready for more challenging projects. By completing the intermediate sections of the sewing project members will have the skills necessary to sew clothing, accessories and items for the home.

The advanced topics encourage participants to continue to develop their skills in order to learn how to sew tailored clothing as well as to learn how to personalize their wardrobe in order to reflect their own personal style. By completing the advanced topics, members will have the skills necessary to sew clothing, accessories and items for the home.

Core topics that all members must complete have been identified for each level (and are marked with a icon. Supplementary topics are included to help Leaders to provide variety for their club and provide flexibility so content can be included to suit the skills and interests of club members.

These topics are marked with a icon.

Sample agendas have been included at the beginning of each major section as a resource.

–  –  –

Equipment required

Each member will need:

Access to a sewing machine that is in good working condition  Sewing notions: scissors, pins, sewing needles, sewing machine needles, measuring tape,  bobbins, seam ripper, all-purpose thread An iron and ironing board 

–  –  –

For introductory, intermediate, and advanced levels (Core) This section has been adapted from the Nova Scotia 4-H Leader’s Manual Sewing Project – 1997.

Planning for a safe sewing project is important and that's what this section is all about. Members are encouraged to practice these points throughout their project year.

Sewing Box:

Keep all the sewing supplies in a sewing box. Use a sturdy box (hard plastic or shoe box) rather than a plastic grocery style bag. Sharp objects can pierce the bag causing injuries or lost items.

Cutting Supplies:

a) Scissors or Shears-- Sharp scissors are a must for cutting or trimming fabric. Keep fingers away from the blades when cutting. Keep scissors or pinking shears closed and stored in a case, when not in use. When you pass them to another person, always pass the handles first.

b) Rotary Cutter-- Use the special plastic mat so that the surface under the fabric is not damaged. The blade is sharp so do not put your fingers too close. When finished with the cutter be sure the guard is in place, covering the blade.

Pins and Needles:

Keep pins & needles in a safe and convenient place. Never put them in your mouth because you may swallow or inhale one, especially if you are startled or move suddenly. Putting them in your clothing can cause scratches or they can stick into you. Always check carefully for pins on the floor, a person or pet may get one stuck in their foot.

–  –  –

The traditional pincushion (tomato shaped) is good; however, once the fabric covering starts to wear, the pins and needles easily fall out.

A proper fitting thimble prevents the needle from puncturing your fingers. A needle threader helps prevent eyestrain if you have difficulty threading the needle.

Sharp Sewing Aids:

Tracing wheels are available with smooth or serrated edges. When marking tracing lines, keep your fingers away from the blades.

The pointer or creaser, awl and hoop turner are all sharp objects so be careful not to puncture yourself with them. When not in use store them in safe place.

4-H SEWING PROJECT – RESOURCE GUIDE

4-H SEWING PROJECT - INTRODUCTION

–  –  –

Pressing Safety:

Handle your iron with care. If it is a steam iron fill with water before plugging it in. Do not  overfill because it could boil over possibly scalding your arm or hand. Use distilled water if recommended by the manufacturer. Only touch the iron on the handle. Keep hands away from steam and soleplate, you could get a painful burn. Do not let the cord dangle off the ironing board. It could get caught and pull the iron off onto you or onto the floor. If the iron does fall off, unplug it and have it checked before using it again. A fall can cause the insides of the iron to become loose so it will not work properly and cause a fire.

4 4-H SEWING PROJECT –RESOURCE GUIDE

4-H SEWING PROJECT - INTRODUCTION

Rest the iron on its heel on a solid surface. Leaving it  flat on it's soleplate on the ironing board can scorch the cover or start a fire if left alone long enough.

Keep the soleplate and the steam holes of the iron  clean. If the steam holes contain dirt it could spit causing it to burn or soil the fabric.

When finished ironing, turn it off and unplug the iron.

 When cool, store it in a protected place.

–  –  –

Electrical Safety:

Always unplug electrical equipment before cleaning or repairing it.

 Never plug two or more pieces of equipment into one outlet. This overloads the fuse,  producing heat, which can destroy the wires, causing a fire. If fuses blow or circuit breakers trip repeatedly, call the electrician.

Never use frayed or cracked cords; exposed wires can cause a fire or give you a shock.

 Use extension cords temporarily. Never run them under doors, carpets, rugs or mats. If you  must use an extension cord, never use one that is smaller in diameter than the cord of the electrical appliance you are using.

1. Tools of the Trade – Introductory (Core) There’s lots to learn as we begin to sew so let’s get started!

Every hobby has its own specialized tools and terms and sewing is no different. It’s important to understand the terms and to know how the tools and equipment works before we start to sew.

What we’ll learn in this section

In this section we will learn about:

The basic notions needed to start sewing  The parts of the sewing machine and how they work  Basic sewing notions When looking at the notions in the fabric store it is easy to get overwhelmed by all the choices. Don’t panic! There are only a few notions that are necessary to have when learning to sew. Other notions will be added as we learn more skills and take on more complicated projects but for now we just need scissors, pins and a pincushion, sewing needles, sewing machine needles, measuring tape, bobbins, seam ripper and all-purpose thread. It is also useful to have a container to keep all our notions in one place.

Hand sewing needles Hand sewing needles have different thicknesses, lengths, points and eye sizes.

There are numerous types of hand sewing needles and the most common are sharps, betweens, embroidery or crewel and ballpoint.

The common hand sewing needles are available in sizes from 1 – 12, 1 being the thickest and longest and 12 being short and fine. Each type of needle is designed to work with specific fabrics and threads.

Figure 2: Basic sewing notions - from Sharps – used most often for hand  http://www.simplymodernmom.com/2010/05/basic-sewingtools-and-supplies/ sewing. They have a medium length and a sharp point and a round eye Betweens – also known as quilting needles, they are a shorter needle with a small, round eye  Ballpoint – have a rounded point and are used for knits  Embroidery/crewel – the same length and sharp point as a sharp needle but they have a  longer eye which allows for thicker thread or ribbon Sewing machine needles The needle may be the most important part of the sewing machine. Using the proper combination of needle and fabric will make a difference in the quality of your work. It is also important to make sure your sewing machine needles are not damaged as that could cause torn fabric or skipped stitches. A good rule of thumb is to change your needle before you start each project.

4-H SEWING PROJECT – RESOURCE GUIDE

4-H SEWING PROJECT – THE BASICS Figure 3: Anatomy of a sewing machine needle

There are six basic sewing machine needle types:

1. Universal – Has a slightly rounded point and is used for both knits and woven fabrics

2. Ballpoint – Has a rounded point, which pushes aside fabric threads instead of piercing them. Used for sewing heavy, loose knit fabrics.

3. Stretch – Similar to the ballpoint needle but the point is a little less round. For sewing knits and knit fabrics containing lycra.

4. Sharp - Pointed needle used on woven fabrics such as microfiber, polyester and silk

5. Leather – Has a cutting point and cuts the fabric rather than simply piercing it. Is used on coarse materials such as leather and vinyl.



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